Kindergarten Standards

  • Language Arts
    With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about key details in a text.
    With prompting and support, identify the main topic and retell key details of a text.
    With prompting and support, describe the connection between two individuals, events, ideas, or pieces of information in a text.
    With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about unknown words in a text.
    With prompting and support, describe the relationship between illustrations and the text in which they appear (e.g., what person, place, thing, or idea in the text an illustration depicts).
    Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to compose opinion pieces in which they tell a reader the topic or the name of the book they are writing about and state an opinion or preference about the topic or book (e.g., My favorite book is...).
    Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to compose informative/explanatory texts in which they name what they are writing about and supply some information about the topic.
    Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to narrate a single event or several loosely linked events, tell about the events in the order in which they occurred, and provide a reaction to what happened.
    Demonstrate understanding of the organization and basic features of print.
    Follow words from left to right, top to bottom, and page by page.
    Recognize that spoken words are represented in written language by specific sequences of letters.
    Understand that words are separated by spaces in print.
    Recognize and name all upper- and lowercase letters of the alphabet.
    Demonstrate understanding of spoken words, syllables, and sounds (phonemes).
    Recognize and produce rhyming words.
    Count, pronounce, blend, and segment syllables in spoken words.
    Blend and segment onsets and rimes of single-syllable spoken words.
    Isolate and pronounce the initial, medial vowel, and final sounds (phonemes) in three-phoneme (consonant-vowel-consonant, or CVC) words.1 (This does not include CVCs ending with /l/, /r/, or /x/.)
    Add or substitute individual sounds (phonemes) in simple, one-syllable words to make new words.
    Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.
    Demonstrate basic knowledge of one-to-one letter-sound correspondences by producing the primary sound or many of the most frequent sounds for each consonant.
    Associate the long and short sounds with the common spellings (graphemes) for the five major vowels.
    Read common high-frequency words by sight (e.g., theoftoyoushemyisaredodoes).
    Distinguish between similarly spelled words by identifying the sounds of the letters that differ.
    Math Standards
    Count to 100 by ones and by tens.
    Count forward beginning from a given number within the known sequence (instead of having to begin at 1).

    Write numbers from 0 to 20. Represent a number of objects with a written numeral 0-20 (with 0 representing a count of no objects).

    Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities; connect counting to cardinality.

    When counting objects, say the number names in the standard order, pairing each object with one and only one number name and each number name with one and only one object.
    Understand that the last number name said tells the number of objects counted. The number of objects is the same regardless of their arrangement or the order in which they were counted.
    Understand that each successive number name refers to a quantity that is one larger.
    Count to answer "how many?" questions about as many as 20 things arranged in a line, a rectangular array, or a circle, or as many as 10 things in a scattered configuration; given a number from 1-20, count out that many objects.
    Represent addition and subtraction with objects, fingers, mental images, drawings1, sounds (e.g., claps), acting out situations, verbal explanations, expressions, or equations.
    Solve addition and subtraction word problems, and add and subtract within 10, e.g., by using objects or drawings to represent the problem.
    Decompose numbers less than or equal to 10 into pairs in more than one way, e.g., by using objects or drawings, and record each decomposition by a drawing or equation (e.g., 5 = 2 + 3 and 5 = 4 + 1).
    For any number from 1 to 9, find the number that makes 10 when added to the given number, e.g., by using objects or drawings, and record the answer with a drawing or equation.
    Fluently add and subtract within 5.
    • K-LS1-1. Use observations to describe patterns of what plants and animals (including humans) need to survive.

      K-ESS2-1. Use and share observations of local weather conditions to describe patterns over time. 

      K-ESS2-2. Construct an argument supported by evidence for how plants and animals (including humans) can change the environment to meet their needs. 

      K-ESS3-1. Use a model to represent the relationship between the needs of different plants or animals (including humans) and the places they live.

      K-ESS3-2. Ask questions to obtain information about the purpose of weather forecasting to prepare for, and respond to, severe weather.* 

      K-ESS3-3. Communicate solutions that will reduce the impact of humans on the land, water, air, and/or other living things in the local environment.*