• UGT The best way to learn theory is to use it, and think about it when you look at some music!  Even a simple song.  Theory applies to it all!


    Here are 2 ways to look at the 'Rhythm Tree'. Every line (left to right) is 4 beats, or one measure in 4/4.

    1   2


    Time Signature

     111 1111

    Duration, you can find in the rhythm tree...but the syllables we call them when we're sight reading music are a different thing. We read the following rhythms like this:

    4444   5555             

        ta     ta    ta   ta            titi    ta     titi    ta         



     77           tika     /

    two-oo                tika-tika       four-or-or-or.


    We use the following hand signs for

    pitch work & solfege.

    aaa              f

     This Key signature wheel shows all of the key signatures and their relative minors (for those of you who want to know even more!)  The main key signatures we use in school are these: 

    In the major keys:  F,   C,   G,  D,  and at times Bb and Eb. This chart shows what will be in that space between the clef and the time signature!  C has no sharps or flats, but you can see F has one flat, AND, G has one sharp.  On the inside of the chart are the relative minors...the minor keys that share the same key signature.  C major and A minor both have no key signature, nothing in that space, but you can see that G major and E minor both have 1 sharp in the key signature.  It's that easy!!

    And, we can add our rhythms!  Look at this problem-


    Titi = 1 beat.  So, titi plus titi = 2 beats.  Or, we could say titi + titi= two-oo.


    The louds and softs of music. Please see this chart below-


    Another way to think of it is like this-



    Here we have some resources for our Recorder Students!

    fingering        //      Easy!!



Last Modified on December 11, 2020